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Ivermectin: General information
Ivermectin is a universal antiparasitic drug. The medicine has high efficiency: a modern drug for the control of parasitic diseases that is used to treat human and farm animals. The drug is universal: has an extremely broad spectrum of activity, active against all types of worms and skin parasites (fleas and ticks).
It is used for most farm animals. The medicine has modern convenient package: glass ampoules and bottles of various volume for optimal dosing. The medicine is manufactured as a transparent oily liquid, colorless or slightly yellowish color, with a specific smell of the components.
1 ml of the medicine contains:
Ivermectin active substance – 10 mg.
Additional substances: propylene glycol, benzyl alcohol, water for injection.
The active ingredient of the medicine is Ivermectin, which refers to compounds produced by microorganisms of Streptomices avermitis.
The mechanism of action of Ivermectin on the parasite is that it releases acid (GABA) in presynaptic neurons, which binds to specific receptors of nerve endings, increasing the permeability of the membrane to chloride ions and blocking the transmission of neuromuscular impulses. Because of paralysis the drug makes the parasites die.
Ivermectin has high efficiency and a broad spectrum of action (insecticidal, acaricidal and nematodotsidna activity) and relatively low toxicity.
Efficiency of Ivermectin was considered low as to tapeworms and other species of this kind.
Before you use Ivermectin, consider its main indications below.
The medicine is recommended for prevention and cure of the humans and animals with parasitic diseases caused by:
– gastro-intestinal and pulmonary nematodes (adult and larval stages): Ostertagia spp.
Trichostrongylus, adult stages of Dictyocaulus viviparous;
– Hypoderma lineatum;
– sarcoptes mite;
– Haematopinus eurysternus;
In cattle the medicine is used to treat:
– Oestrus ovis;
– Sarcoptes mite: Psoroptes ovis, Sarcoptes ovis;
– Melophagus ovenus;
– Lung nematodes (adults only stages): Metastrongylus spp.;
– Sarcoptes mite: Sarcoptes suis;
– Haematopinus suis.
If you want to use Ivermectin, consider the recommended dosage below.
The drug is used subcutaneously in the following doses:
Cattle, sheep, goats: 1 ml per 50 kg of body weight;
Swine: 1 ml per 33 kg body weight;
In pigs and sheep for treatment of scabies, lice defeat, administration of the drug should be repeated after 7-10 days.
If the calculated dose per animal exceeds 10 ml, then the drug is administered in multiple locations. One can get Ivermectin at local or our online pharmacy.
As it was already mentioned this drug might be used also by humans. In this case the drug must be taken orally. The ingredients of the medication are then quickly absorbed and their action is quite fast. For human the recommended dosage is from 0.01 to 0.02 milligrams per kilogram of body weight of one person. Maximum dosage that is allowed for this medication is considered from 0.04 to 0.05 ml / kg of weight.
The medicine is contradicted when there is observed an increased sensitivity to Ivermectin.
The drug must not be used simultaneously with other anthelmintics.
The drug must not be used to treat weak, exhausted and sick animals with infectious diseases.
Ivermectin: Side effects
One should take into consideration that the medicine might have its side effects that might be observed in case the patient adjusted the dosage of the medication. The most common side effects are: vomiting, itching, and frequent urination. Please consider the mentioned side effects before use Ivermectin. In you observe any of the mentioned side effects, consult your physician in order to know main contraindications and recommended dosage of the medication.
Ivermectin: Missed dose
In case the patient has missed the dosage, the tablet should be taken as soon as possible.
In case of overdose, immediately get medical assistance.
The medicine should be stored at room temperature.